HOME  ›   pipelines
If your question is not answered here, please email us at:  ${email.software}

Cell Ranger


Loupe

10x Genomics
Chromium Single Cell Gene Expression

What is Cell Ranger?

Cell Ranger is a set of analysis pipelines that process Chromium single cell data to align reads, generate feature-barcode matrices, perform clustering and other secondary analysis, and more (see list of example workflows and supported libraries). Cell Ranger includes five pipelines relevant to the 3' Single Cell Gene Expression Solutions and related products:

Workflows

If you are beginning with raw base call (BCL) files, the Cell Ranger workflow starts with demultiplexing the BCL files for each flow cell directory. 10x Genomics recommends using cellranger mkfastq as described in Generating FASTQs. If you are beginning with FASTQ files that have already been demultiplexed with bcl2fastq directly, or from a public source such as SRA, you can skip cellranger mkfastq and begin with cellranger count. Please see the Specifying Input FASTQ pages (count, multi) for specific guidelines on which arguments to use for your scenario.

The exact steps of the workflow vary depending on how many samples, GEM wells, and flow cells you have, and whether you are including data from Feature Barcode, Cell Multiplexing, or Fixed RNA Profiling kits. This section describes a few possible workflows.

One sample, one GEM well, one flow cell

cellranger basic

In this example, one sample is processed through one GEM well and sequenced on one flow cell. In this case, generate FASTQs using cellranger mkfastq and run cellranger count as described in Single-Sample Analysis.

This example also illustrates two sequencing libraries. A single GEM well can yield multiple physical libraries: one Gene Expression library and one or more Feature Barcode libraries.

One sample, one GEM well, multiple flow cells

cellranger multiple sequencing runs

In this example, one sample is processed through one GEM well, resulting in one library which is sequenced across multiple flow cells. This workflow is commonly performed to increase sequencing depth. In this case, all reads can be combined in a single instance of the cellranger count or multi pipeline. This process is described in Specifying Input FASTQ pages (count, multi).

One sample, multiple GEM wells, one flow cell

cellranger multiple libraries

Here, one sample is processed through multiple GEM wells. This is typically done when conducting technical replicate experiments. The libraries from the GEM wells are then pooled onto one flow cell and sequenced. In this case, demultiplex the data from the sequencing run with cellranger mkfastq, then run the libraries from each GEM well through a separate instance of cellranger count. Then you can perform a combined analysis using cellranger aggr, as described in Multi-Library Aggregation.

Multiple samples, multiple GEM wells, one flow cell

cellranger multiple samples

In this example, multiple samples are processed through multiple GEM wells, which generate multiple libraries and are pooled onto one flow cell. After demultiplexing, you must run cellranger count separately for each GEM well; if you have two GEM wells, then run cellranger count twice. Then you can aggregate them with a single instance of cellranger aggr, as described in Multi-Library Aggregation.

Multiple samples, one GEM well, one flow cell (Cell Multiplexing)

cell multiplexing

Cell Ranger 6.0 introduces support for analyzing Cell Multiplexing data. In this case, multiple samples are uniquely tagged with Cell Multiplexing Oligos (CMOs), enabling multiple samples to be pooled in a single GEM well. This results in a CMO and Gene Expression (GEX) library for each GEM well. After running cellranger mkfastq to generate FASTQ files, run the cellranger multi pipeline on the combined FASTQ data for the GEX and CMO libraries.

Multiple samples, one GEM well, one flow cell (Fixed RNA Profiling)

multiplex FRP

Cell Ranger 7.0 introduces support for analyzing Fixed RNA Profiling (FRP) Gene Expression data. In this case, multiple samples are uniquely tagged with Probe Barcodes, enabling samples to be pooled in a single GEM well and resulting in a Gene Expression library. After running cellranger mkfastq to generate FASTQ files, run the cellranger multi pipeline on the FASTQ data for the GEX library.

Chemistry

Libraries supported

The library support of Cell Ranger 7.0 and previous versions is summarized in the tables below.

Single Cell Gene Expression Solution CR 7.0 CR 6.1 CR 6.0 CR 5.0 CR 4.0 CR 3.1 CR 3.0 CR 2.2
3’ Gene Expression v2 Libraries
3’ Gene Expression v3 Libraries
3’ Gene Expression v3 + Cell Surface Protein Libraries
3’ Gene Expression v3 + CRISPR Screening Libraries
3’ Cell Surface Protein Libraries only
3’ Cell Multiplexing
3’ LT (Low Throughput)
3’ HT (High Throughput)
Fixed RNA Profiling