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Cell Ranger


10x Genomics
Chromium Single Cell Gene Expression

Antibody Outputs

Cell Ranger outputs certain files that are specific to the Antibody Capture analysis, besides the Gene Expression outputs.

Starting from Cell Ranger 3.0, all Feature Barcode counts, including Antibody Capture counts, simply become new features in addition to the standard per-gene features, and are output alongside gene counts in the feature-barcode matrix. For every row in the Feature Barcode Reference CSV file where feature_type is specified as Antibody Capture, there will be a corresponding row in the feature-barcode matrix. That row will get its title from the id field in the Feature Reference file for that feature, and the counts can be visualized via Loupe Browser by searching for the human-readable name from the name field of the Feature Reference file (for antibody applications, the id and name fields can typically be the same as long as the id is unique).

To visualize cells in 2-D space, secondary analysis dimensionality reduction outputs for Antibody Capture libraries are provided in the analysis/ directory. Log-transformed antibody counts are used to perform these analyses for Antibody Capture libraries. This is in contrast to the gene expression side of the feature-barcode matrix, where these projections are run on the PCA-reduced space from raw counts.

Below are some examples of the PCA, t-SNE, and UMAP output projection files.

Principal Components Analysis (PCA):

$ head -5 analysis/pca/antibody_capture_10_components/projection.csv

The t-distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding (t-SNE):

$ head -5 analysis/tsne/antibody_capture_2_components/projection.csv

The Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection (UMAP):

$ head -5 analysis/umap/antibody_capture_2_components/projection.csv

Protein aggregate barcodes

Cell Ranger 6.1 and later outputs detailed information about detected aggregate barcodes in a file named aggregate_barcodes.csv. If your data was analyzed using cellranger multi v7.1 and later, this output is found under the outs/per_sample_outs/<sample_name>/count/aggregate_barcodes.csv folder, and in outs/ for the cellranger count pipeline. In older versions of Cell Ranger, the aggregate_barcodes.csv is contained in a subfolder called /count/antibody_analysis/aggregate_barcodes.csv.

aggregate_barcodes.csv shows antibody (and antigen) barcodes that were detected as aggregates, the number of UMI-corrected reads, the fraction of reads corrected for a particular barcode, and the fraction of total reads on that barcode.

$ head -5 antibody_analysis/aggregate_barcodes.csv
ATCGTAGCAGCGTATT-1,Antibody Capture,1976,1965,0.016,0.002
CTACGGGGTTCTCGTC-1,Antibody Capture,2147,1900,0.014,0.002
CTCCGATGTAGTAAGT-1,Antibody Capture,2999,2968,0.018,0.002
CTCCGATGTTGATGTC-1,Antibody Capture,3691,2878,0.02,0.003

The aggregate_barcodes.csv is only produced if antibody or antigen aggregates are detected.

Web Summary

Summary metrics for the antibody counts will be displayed in the Summary view of the count web summary under Antibody Sequencing and Antibody Application, and in the Cells and Library views of the multi web summary under the Antibody tabs.

Starting from Cell Ranger 6.1, on both count and multi web summaries, the histograms on UMI counts will be shown for features that were specified as Antibody Capture in the Feature Barcode reference file.

Any specific antibody analysis steps are described in the Antibody Algorithms section.