Cell Ranger ATAC2.1, printed on 12/07/2023
The cellranger-atac workflow starts by demultiplexing the Illumina sequencer's base call files (BCLs) for each flow cell directory into FASTQ files. 10x Genomics recommends using cellranger-atac mkfastq, a pipeline that wraps bcl2fastq from Illumina and provides a number of convenient features in addition to the features of bcl2fastq:
TTGTAAGA) and merge the resulting FASTQ files.
In this example, we have two 10x Genomics libraries (each processed through a separate Chromium chip channel) that are multiplexed on a single flow cell. Note that after running cellranger-atac mkfastq, we run a separate instance of the cellranger-atac pipeline on each library:
In this example, we have one 10x Genomics library sequenced on two flow cells. Note that after running cellranger-atac mkfastq, we run a single instance of the cellranger-atac pipeline on all the FASTQ files generated:
The cellranger-atac mkfastq pipeline will accept additional options beyond those shown in the table below because it is a wrapper around bcl2fastq from Illumina®. Please consult Illumina's bcl2fastq User Guide for more information.
|Required. The path of Illumina BCL run folder.|
|Optional; defaults to the name of the flow cell referred to by |
|Optional. Path to an Illumina Experiment Manager-compatible sample sheet which contains 10x Genomics sample index names (e.g., SI-NA-A12) in the sample index column. All other information, such as sample names and lanes, should be in the sample sheet.|
|Optional. Equivalent to |
|Optional. Path to a simple CSV with lane, sample, and index columns, which describe the way to demultiplex the flow cell. The index column should contain a 10x Genomics sample dual-index name (e.g., SI-NA-A12). This is an alternative to the Illumina IEM sample sheet, and will be ignored if |
|Optional. Equivalent to |
|bcl2fastq option. Comma-delimited series of lanes to demultiplex (e.g. 1,3). Use this if you have a sample sheet for an entire flow cell but only want to generate a few lanes for further 10x Genomics analysis.|
|bcl2fastq option. Same meaning as for |
|bcl2fastq option. Delete the |
|bcl2fastq option. Same meaning as for bcl2fastq. Use this option to change the number of allowed mismatches per index adapter (0, 1, 2). Default: 1.|
|bcl2fastq option. Generate FASTQ output in a path of your own choosing, instead of |
|bcl2fastq option. Custom project name, to override the sample sheet or to use in conjunction with the |
|Martian option. Job manager to use. Valid options: |
|Martian option. Set max cores the pipeline may request at one time. Only applies when |
|Martian option. Set max GB the pipeline may request at one time. Only applies when |
The cellranger-atac mkfastq pipeline recognizes two file formats for describing samples: a simple, three-column CSV format, or the Illumina Experiment Manager (IEM) sample sheet format used by
bcl2fastq. There is an example below for running mkfastq with each format.
The example (tiny-bcl) dataset is solely designed to demo the cellranger-atac mkfastq pipeline. It cannot be used to run downstream pipelines (e.g. cellranger-atac count).
To follow along, please do the following:
We recommend the simple CSV sample sheet for most sequencing experiments. The simple CSV format has only three columns (Lane, Sample, Index), and is thus less prone to formatting errors. You can see an example of this in
Here are the options for each column:
|Lane||Which lane(s) of the flow cell to process. Can be either a single lane, a range (e.g., 2-4) or '*' for all lanes in the flow cell.|
|Sample||The name of the sample. This name will be the prefix to all the generated FASTQs, and will correspond to the |
Sample names must conform to the Illumina
|Index||The 10x Genomics sample index set that was used in library construction, e.g., SI-NA-A12.|
mkfastq with a simple layout CSV, use the
Here's how to run
mkfastq on the
tiny-bcl sequencing run with the simple layout (replace code in red with the path to
tiny_bcl on your system):
$ cellranger-atac mkfastq --id=tiny-bcl \ --run=/path/to/tiny_bcl \ --csv=cellranger-atac-tiny-bcl-simple-1.0.0.csv cellranger-atac mkfastq Copyright (c) 2018 10x Genomics, Inc. All rights reserved. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Martian Runtime - 2.1.0-4.0.7 Running preflight checks (please wait)...
The cellranger-atac mkfastq pipeline can also be run with a sample sheet in the Illumina Experiment Manager (IEM) format (example:
cellranger-atac-tiny-bcl-samplesheet-1.0.0.csv). An IEM sample sheet has several fields specific to running on Illumina platforms, including a
[Data] section where sample and index information is specified. cellranger-atac mkfastq supports listing either index set names or the oligo sequences.
Do not trim adapters during demultiplexing. Leave these settings blank. Trimming adapters from reads can potentially damage the 10x barcodes and the UMIs, resulting in pipeline failure or data loss.
If you are using an Illumina sample sheet for demultiplexing with bcl2fastq, BCL Convert or our mkfastq pipeline, please remove these lines under the
Here's an example:
Version 1: "SI-NA-C1" refers to a 10x Genomics single-indexed sample index consisting of a set of four oligo sequences. In this example, only reads from lane 1 will be used. To demultiplex the given sample index across all lanes, omit the lanes column entirely.
[Data] Lane,Sample_ID,index 1,test_sample,SI-NA-C1
Version 2: The four index sequences for "SI-NA-C1" are specified in separate rows under the
[Data] Lane,Sample_ID,index 1,sample1,ATCTGATC 1,sample1,CGTGCTAA 1,sample1,GAGAAGGG 1,sample1,TCACTCCT
Sample names must conform to the Illumina
bcl2fastq naming requirements. Specifically only letters, numbers, underscores, and hyphens are allowed. No other symbols, including dots ("."), are allowed.
Also note that while an authentic IEM sample sheet will contain other sections
[Data] section, these are optional for demultiplexing. To avoid data loss from trimming, we do not recommend including adapter sequences in the
[Settings] section of the sample sheet (see this article for details). For demultiplexing an existing run with cellranger-atac
mkfastq, only the
[Data] section is required.
Next, run the cellranger-atac mkfastq pipeline, using the
argument (replace code in red with the path to
tiny_bcl on your system):
$ cellranger-atac mkfastq --id=tiny-bcl \ --run=/path/to/tiny_bcl \ --samplesheet=cellranger-atac-tiny-bcl-samplesheet-1.0.0.csv cellranger-atac mkfastq Copyright (c) 2018 10x Genomics, Inc. All rights reserved. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Martian Runtime - 4.0.7 Running preflight checks (please wait)...
If you encounter any preflight errors, please refer to the Troubleshooting page.
Once the cellranger-atac mkfastq pipeline has successfully completed, the output can be found in a new folder named with the value you provided to cellranger-atac mkfastq in the
--id option (if not specified, defaults to the name of the flow cell):
$ ls -l drwxr-xr-x 4 jdoe jdoe 4096 Sep 13 12:05 tiny-bcl
The key output files can be found in
outs/fastq_path, and is organized
in the same manner as a conventional bcl2fastq run:
$ ls -l tiny-bcl/outs/fastq_path/ drwxr-xr-x 3 jdoe jdoe 3 Aug 9 12:26 Reports drwxr-xr-x 2 jdoe jdoe 8 Aug 9 12:26 Stats drwxr-xr-x 3 jdoe jdoe 3 Aug 9 12:26 tiny-bcl -rw-r--r-- 1 jdoe jdoe 20615106 Aug 9 12:26 Undetermined_S0_L001_I1_001.fastq.gz -rw-r--r-- 1 jdoe jdoe 151499694 Aug 9 12:26 Undetermined_S0_L001_R1_001.fastq.gz -rw-r--r-- 1 jdoe jdoe 52692701 Aug 9 12:26 Undetermined_S0_L001_R2_001.fastq.gz -rw-r--r-- 1 jdoe jdoe 151499694 Aug 9 12:26 Undetermined_S0_L001_R3_001.fastq.gz $ tree tiny-bcl/outs/fastq_path/tiny_bcl/ tiny-bcl/outs/fastq_path/tiny_bcl/ Sample1 Sample1_S1_L001_I1_001.fastq.gz Sample1_S1_L001_R1_001.fastq.gz Sample1_S1_L001_R2_001.fastq.gz Sample1_S1_L001_R3_001.fastq.gz
This example was produced with a sample sheet that included
tiny-bcl as the
Sample_Project, so the directory containing the sample folders is called
tiny-bcl/. If a
Sample_Project was not specified, or if a simple layout CSV file was used (which does not have a
Sample_Project column), the directory containing the sample folders would be named according to the flow cell ID instead.
If you want to remove the
Undetermined FASTQs from the output to save space, you can run mkfastq
--delete-undetermined flag. To see all cellranger-atac mkfastq options, run cellranger-atac mkfastq --help.
|For single cell ATAC chemistry, the cell barcode that labels cells, not to be confused with the sample index that multiplexes libraries on the flow cell, is sequenced as part of the i5 index read (named R2 in the FASTQs). Both mkfastq and bcl2fastq conventionally associate R2 with the i5 index read, and R3 with read2. Thus read1, barcode, read2, and sample index are associated with R1, R2, R3, I1, respectively. This is reflected in the output files shown in the output examples in this guide.|
If you encounter a crash while running cellranger-atac mkfastq, upload the tarball (with the extension
.mri.tgz) in your output directory. Replace the code in red with your email:
$ cellranger-atac upload [email protected] jobid.mri.tgz
jobid is what you input into the
--id option of mkfastq (if not specified, defaults to the ID of the flow cell). This tarball contains numerous diagnostic logs that 10x Genomics support can use for debugging.
You will receive an automated email from 10x Genomics. If not, email [email protected]. For the fastest service, respond with the following:
runParameters.xmlfiles from your BCL directory.